Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is responsible for many chronic conditions such as pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, and respiratory disease. It primarily affects neonates, infants and adults and is responsible for outpatient visits, hospitalization and death in some cases. Therefore, diagnosis of RSV- associated diseases is crucial to avoid further medical severity. Symptoms of RSV presence include, rhinorrhea, cough, wheeze, respiratory distress, and hypoxemia. Molecular diagnostic is most widely used techniques for diagnosing RSV.
According to a report by the Lancet, 2017, around 33·1 million episodes of RSV induced acute lower respiratory infections that resulted in around 3·2 million hospitalizations and around 59,600 in-hospital deaths in children younger than 5 years of age, worldwide, in 2015. Moreover, the report stated that the overall RSV- acute lower respiratory infections- related mortality was around 118200 in 2015.
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Furthermore, high prevalence of several chronic conditions such as pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections due to RSV is a major factor contributing to growth of the market over the forecast period. For instance, according to a report by World Health Organization (WHO), May 2018, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lower respiratory tract infection are amongst top five chronic diseases with highest mortality rate, worldwide. The report stated that around 3 million each deaths were registered due to COPD and lower respiratory tract infection in 2016, worldwide.
On the basis of Geography, respiratory syncytial virus diagnostics market is segmented into North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East, and Africa. North America is expected to be dominant in the respiratory syncytial virus diagnostics market over the forecast period.
According to study published in journal American Family Physician in 2017, around 2% to 3% of infants, younger than 12 months are hospitalized with an RSV infection, annually, in the U.S. As per same source, Around 57,500 hospitalizations and 2.1 million outpatient visits are associated with RSV infections in children younger than five years, annually, in the U.S. It can be concluded from epidemiological data that the U.S. has high potential for respiratory syncytial virus diagnostics market. Presence of key players and their products in North America would be another important driver for the market growth.
Asia Pacific and Latin America would witness highest CAGR in respiratory syncytial virus diagnostics market. According to study published in the Lancet in September 2017, lower middle income countries witnessed around 43,600 deaths due to RSV-ALRI whereas upper middle income countries witnessed around 17900 deaths, in 2015. Furthermore, children in this region often do not receive adequate vaccination, which leads to frequent infection incidences from variety of diseases including RSV. According to World Health Organization (WHO) 2018, worldwide, around 86% of infants are vaccinated against 26 diseases. However, around 19.5 million children remain unvaccinated that leads to around 2-3 million deaths, annually, of which around 90% belong to low and middle income countries.
WHO is running the pilot projects of vaccination in countries of developing regions such Latin America, Africa, and Asia Pacific to achieve100% detection of the RSV infections amongst infants, neonates and children under five years of age.This is expected to reduce the mortality rate and hospitalization from RSV associated acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI). It would also establish RSV diagnostic centers over the forecast period in these regions.
F. Hoffmann La-Roche AG , Becton, Dickinson and Company, Novartis AG, Abbott Laboratories, Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc., BioMerieux, DiaSorin SPA, Millipore-sigma, Quidel Corporation, Alere Inc., Coris BioConcept, Fast-track Diagnostics, and Quest Diagnostics.